Nursultan Nazarbaev, Vladimir Putin and Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow had a one and a half-hourly tete-a-tete discussion on issues of interaction in the area of transport and energy.
The Heads of State spoke about the outcomes of the negotiations before the ceremony of signing multilateral documents.
President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbaev said that he was satisfied with the results of the meeting.
- The document on building a pipeline along the Caspian coast has been adopted. Kazakhstan has been ready to offer opportunities for transporting oil and gas and now supports both the project of the new pipeline and increase of capacities of the existing gas transporting lines.
We have had an extended exchange of views on Caspian problems that has demonstrated our common wish to develop coordinated positions on the issue of the legal status of the Caspian Sea. This concerns both the preservation of the sea’s resources and problems of security in the region, - N. Nazarbaev said.
In addition to energy problems the President of Kazakhstan drew attention to transport issues, and underscored the necessity of establishing a new higher level of interaction in order to develop transport routes. Particularly, this means the construction of a railroad between the Eralievo station and city of Turkmenbashi.
Also there is the explicit need of building a new road parallel to the railroad route. According to Nursultan Nazarbaev’s words, this will allow establishing a new transport corridor “North-South” that will connect Russia, Iran and the Persian Gulf.
The President emphasized that he very seriously considered the offer of G. Berdimuhammedow about Kazakhstan’s participation in extracting carbohydrates in the Turkmen part of the Caspian Sea. He also expressed an opinion that the Kazakhstani business community would be interested in the suggestion of the Turkmen side to participate in tourism projects in the special economic zone of the city of Turkmenbashi.
Russia’s President Vladimir Putin in his statement said that he very high appreciated the importance of the summit in the context of global energy security. He noted the extremely pragmatic and concrete nature of the achieved agreements.
In the opinion of V. Putin, the development of collaboration in gas industry consequently requires broadening the transport capacities of our states. This was reflected in the documents prepared for signing that implied: 1) reconstruction of the existing gas pipeline along the Caspian coast connecting Turkmenistan and Russia via Kazakhstan; 2) construction of a new gas pipeline along the Caspian Sea; 3) enlargement of the capacities of the Central Asia-Center gas pipeline in the Uzbek direction.
Turkmenistan’s President Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedov estimated the conducted summit as a beginning of broad collaboration between the three countries in the area of energy. A long-term basis has been established for the implementation of joint projects in energy industry.
He declared that Turkmenistan guarantees gas supplies in agreed volumes and terms, and also confirmed Turkmenistan’s readiness to ensure access to hydrocarbon fields for Kazakhstani and Russian companies.
G. Berdimuhammedow supported the approaches of Kazakhstan’s President concerning the development of collaboration in the area of transport, and noted the necessity of new regional and interregional transportation routes both terrain and marine.
After that Nursultan Nazarbaev, Vladimir Putin and Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow signed two documents, namely trilateral Joint Declaration on constructing Caspian gas pipeline and quadripartite (with Uzbekistan’s participation) Joint Declaration on developing gas transporting capacities in the region of Central Asia.
Instructions for the Governments to develop and sign relevant agreements by 1 September, 2007 were given in these documents.
After the summit Presidents N. Nazarbaev and V. Putting flew to the city of Aktau, where they will spend this weekend.
Some details have been known about the bilateral negotiations between the Presidents of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. A variety of issues were discussed at the meeting that being solved could raise the interaction level between the two states in many areas.
Particularly, Nursultan Nazarbaev and Gurbanguly Berdimuhammedow positively estimated possibilities of investment collaboration in projects on the Turkmen shelf of the Caspian Sea and agreed that there was a need to build a branch line and automobile route between the two countries.
In order to broaden the economic collaboration it has been decided to hold a business forum with the participation of entrepreneurs from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
The sides also considered issues of preserving the Aral Sea, rational using water energy resources in the region, and also border problems, particularly, the issue of determining the joint point of the state borders between Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The Presidents exchanged views on the issue of the legal status of the Caspian Sea.
Nursultan Nazarbaev also raised the issue of opening national schools in regions having Kazakh population before his Turkmen counterpart.
It is possible to say that the Heads of State have corrected the agenda of the negotiations that will be held during the forthcoming first official visit by President G. Berdimuhammedow to Kazakhstan later this month.