The Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan plays an important role in the formation of a unique model of social unity.
The main goal of the Assembly is to implement the national policy, ensure social and political stability in Kazakhstan and increase the efficiency of cooperation between state institutions and civil society in the field of interethnic relations.
The idea of establishing the Assembly was first announced by Nursultan Nazarbayev in 1992 at the Forum of the People of Kazakhstan, which was dedicated to the first anniversary of the country’s independence.
On March 1, 1995, the President issued a decree on the establishment of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan granting it the status of the presidential consultative body.
In May 2007, a number of amendments were introduced into the Constitution of Kazakhstan. The Assembly received constitutional status and the right to elect nine deputies to the Majilis of Parliament, which greatly enhanced its socio-political role.
On October 20, 2008, the President signed the Law “On the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan” that has no analogues in the world. Thus, the organisation became a full-fledged member of the country’s political system with a special legislative instrument, which regulates its activities.
Today the Assembly contributes to the creation of favourable conditions for further strengthening of interethnic harmony, tolerance and unity. In addition, it assists government authorities to combat extremism and radicalism, as well as to form political and legal culture of citizens basing upon democratic standards. The Assembly promotes efforts of various ethnic and cultural associations, helps to revive, preserve and develop the culture, language and traditions of different ethnicities of Kazakhstan.
The First President of Kazakhstan - Leader of the Nation has the lifelong right to lead the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan.
The Session of the Assembly (meeting of the Assembly) is the supreme governing body of the organisation, which is convened by the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan whenever appropriate, but no less than once per year.
In the period between the sessions, the leadership of the Assembly convenes the Council of the Assembly that comprises representatives of the national ethnic and cultural associations, renowned public figures, Members of Parliament, ministers, and regional mayors.
Two deputy chairmen of the Assembly represent ethnic communities and are appointed by the order of the President on a rotation basis upon the recommendation of the Council of the Assembly.
The working body of the organisation is the Secretariat of the Assembly, which is also a separate structural subdivision of the Executive Office of the President. The Secretariat is run by the Head of the Secretariat, who simultaneously holds the position of Deputy Chairman of the Assembly. This ensures effective participation of the Assembly in public management and social interaction.
The branches of the Assembly in the regions are run by the regional mayors. Therefore, the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan, regional Assemblies, as well as the Assembly of Astana comprise representatives of ethnic and cultural associations, public associations, government agencies and other renowned public figures.
Nine deputies of the Majilis of Parliament represent the Assembly and thus the interests of all ethnic groups of the country. In addition, the interests of Kazakhstan’s ethnic communities in the Parliament are ensured by their membership in political parties.
In 2015, the Assembly is celebrating its 20th anniversary. To this end, the President signed a decree declaring 2015 as the Year of the Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan.
On April 23, 2015 the 22nd session of the Assembly took place at the Palace of Peace and Accord under the chairmanship of President Nursultan Nazarbayev. The President charged the Assembly with a number of new tasks. These include the development of Kazakh culture, strengthening social unity on the basis of shared moral values, patriotic education of youth and further development of the state language. Among other tasks, the promotion of trilingual education, ensuring public control and government transparency, as well as prevention of politicization of interethnic relations and strengthening of cultural ties with member countries of the Eurasian Economic Union.
Over 20 years, the Assembly has passed a long way of development, accumulating a strong intellectual potential and transforming into the institute of public diplomacy.
Largely due to the Assembly, there has been established a unique model of interethnic and interreligious accord in Kazakhstan with a special atmosphere of trust, solidarity and mutual understanding, where every citizen, regardless of his ethnicity or religion, enjoys the fullness of civil rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution.
Kazakhstan has created all necessary conditions for the development of culture, language and traditions of all ethnic groups in the country. The Assembly helps to promote and strengthen Kazakhstan’s standing in the international arena as a country that effectively addresses the issues of interethnic relations